Panoramas are not just wide-angle shots cropped horizontally. They are a set of images of a large scene shot in a sequence and stitched perfectly using the image editing software. These panoramas are either horizontal or vertical. They can be shot both in the outdoors and in the indoors. This final image as a panorama can show the details of the scene without any unwanted perspective distortion.
- Use a tripod preferably to perfectly align the subject evenly – the space of the sky and land
- Find the most center of the scene and position the camera – check the overall panorama is aligned evenly from the center.
- Avoid objects that are too close to the camera.
- Keep the aperture constant in all the shots – may be you can shoot in either aperture priority or Manual exposure modes.
- Preferably use manual focus and carefully focus at a 1/3rd distance of the scene from the camera.
- Avoid shooting in wide-angle lenses. Use 100mm or little less focal length on full frame sensor DSLR cameras and 55mm on cropped sensor DSLR cameras for perfect stitching in the software.
- Include the last 1/3rd of the frame as the first 1/3rd of the next frame. ie. Include the last 30% of the previous frame as the first 30% of the next frame. This will facilitate smooth stitching.
- Compose every frame little loose. This will give scope for cropping the final stitched panorama without sacrificing the main subject.
- If there are moving subjects like people or vehicles, check that they are not included in multiple frames.
- You can include as many frames as possible depending on the area included in the panorama. A 360 degree panorama is also possible.
- If you are shooting in RAW, process all the images of the panorama alike. You can do the final image correction after the set of images are stitched together.
- Remember that the file size of a stitched panorama will be really huge – the multiples of the individual file size. Check if your laptop/desktop could really handle it.
- Open the selected set of images in Photoshop. File>Automate>Photomerge. Select the Auto merging options and set OK. Relax…. the software beautifully stitches the images into a panorama.
- Save the file as JPEG quality and process it in Camera RAW/photoshop for further effective results. You may need to adjust the brightness, contrast and colour in the selective areas of the final panorama. Over all cropping and cloning in some areas of the panorama may be required some times.
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