We always have been surprised at photos with panning effect. The panning technique gives the viewer the feel of movement of the subject which is sharp and the background is blurred to give the feel of speed or motion.
Panning is just following a moving subject with the camera either horizontally or vertically or in any direction to get the moving subject sharp and blurring effect in the background. This is one of the ways you can establish the effect of motion in a still picture. You can try this in wildlife, wedding, sports, children and industrial photography.
1. Shoot in shutter priority or manual exposure mode. Slow shutter speeds could give great panning effect – choose shutter speeds like 1/30, 1/45, 1/60 increase the shutter speed if the subject moves really fast. – set camera
2. Use AF – Servo or AF-C autofocusing mode – set camera
3. Use continuous shooting/drive mode – set camera
4. Follow the subjects that move relatively slow – slow moving vehicles or people or anything can give an easy panning effect.
5. Follow the subject as it approaches the camera, but shoot when it is just parallel to the camera.
6. Choose to shoot subjects moving fairly closer the camera – maybe 15 to 20 feet distance would be fine
7. Try getting the full subject without cropping for an interesting composition
8. Keep your legs little apart and hold the camera steady. Move only the upper part of your body (above the waist) to follow the moving subject.
9. Choose a background with some patterns – trees, buildings, a large group of people etc. Avoid plain and flat backgrounds.
10.Check the exposure for the subject and the background by shooting few test shot. Use exposure compensation if needed.